شبکه اشتراک گذاری دانش در زنجیره تامین برای ایجاد یکپارچگی افقی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

استادیار، گروه مهندسی صنایع، دانشکده مهندسی، دانشگاه بوعلی سینا، همدان، ایران

چکیده

یکپارچه‌سازی یکی از اقداماتی است که باعث همکاری بین اعضای زنجیره تامین می‌شود و بهبود عملکرد زنجیره نظیر کاهش اثر شلاقی را در پی دارد. به اشتراک‌گذاری دانش بین اعضای یک سطح زنجیره، یکی از همکاری‌ها سطح استراتژیک است که موجب تقویت یکپارچگی در زنجیره می‌شود. برای انجام این کار، مهم‌ترین مساله یافتن بهترین شبکه‌ به اشتراک‌گذاری دانش بین اعضای زنجیره است، طوری که با حداقل هزینه بتوان همکاری بین آنها را توسعه داد و میزان تبادل دانش بین آنها را ماکزیمم نمود. در این مقاله با ارائه یک مدل جدید برنامه‌ریزی عدد صحیح مخلوط چند هدفه، این مساله فرموله شد و برای سطح تولید کنندگان زنجیره تامین فرآورده‌های لبنیاتی پیاده‌سازی گردید. با حل مدل و تحلیل حساسیت آن پارامترهای اثرگذار بر شبکه به اشتراک‌گذاری دانش شناسایی شدند. یکی از این پارامترهای مهم، مسافت بین شرکت‌هاست. پارامتر مهم دیگر توان تبادل دانش شرکت‌هاست که مدت اجرای فرآیند به اشتراک‌گذاری را تحت تاثیر قرار می‌دهد. مجموع تحلیل‌ها، بینش لازم را با توجه به محدودیت منابع، شرایط بازار و اهداف شرکت‌ها، در اختیار مدیران قرار می‌دهد، تا بتوانند بهترین تصمیمات را در ارتباط با یکپارچه‌سازی بیشتر زنجیره تامین (از طریق به اشتراک‌گذاری دانش) اتخاذ نمایند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The optimal network design for knowledge sharing in a supply chain for horizontal integration

نویسندگان [English]

  • Hamidreza Dezfoulian
  • Parvaneh Samouei
Assistant Professor, Department of Industrial Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Bu-Ali Sina University, Hamedan, Iran
چکیده [English]

Integrating is one of the steps that creates cooperation among supply chain members and improves the performance of the chain of custody to reduce the impact of whipping. Knowledge sharing among the members of a chain level is one of the strategic level partnerships that strengthen the integration in the chain. For this purpose, the most important step is to find the best knowledge sharing network among the members of the chain, so that the minimum cost can be incurred for the collaboration of members and the exchange of knowledge among them will be maximized. This paper presents a new mixed integer programming model on the basis of which a certain problem was formulated and implemented for the level of producers in a dairy supply chain. By sensitivity analysis, the parameters affecting the knowledge sharing network were identified. One of these important parameters is the distance between companies. Another one is the ability to exchange knowledge of companies that affects the duration of the sharing process. The findings of the study provide managers with the necessary insight regarding the resource constraints, market conditions, and the objectives of the companies. This helps them make the best decisions regarding the integration of the supply chain through knowledge sharing.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Supply chain
  • Horizontal integration
  • Knowledge sharing
  • Mathematical optimization
  • Case study
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