حکمرانی و صادرات مبتنی بر فناوری برتر: مطالعه موردی کشورهای عضو G15

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استاد اقتصاد، دانشکده اقتصاد، دانشگاه بوعلی سینا، همدان

2 دانشجوی مقطع دکتری اقتصاد، دانشکده علوم اجتماعی، دانشگاه رازی، کرمانشاه

10.29252/bar.9.18.1

چکیده

در عصرحاضر، بکارگیری بیش از پیش کاربردهای جدیدی از علم ودانش روز در تولیدات داخلی و گسترش مرزهای فناوری و افزایش ضریب نفوذ آن در راهبردهای توسعه صادرات، نظریات اقتصادی را به سوی عوامل موثر بر صادرات مبتنی بر فناوری برتر که در صدر آن­ها می­توان به حکمرانی اشاره کرد، جذب نموده است. لذا هدف پژوهش حاضر، بررسی تاثیر حکمرانی بر صادرات مبتنی بر فناوری برتر کشورهای درحال توسعه عضو G15 طی دوره زمانی 2014-1991 با استفاده از روش پانل دیتا است. یافته­های اقتصادسنجی مطالعه، ارتباط مثبت و معنادار شاخص­های حکمرانی و دیگر متغیرهای استاندارد همچون تولید ناخالص داخلی سرانه، نرخ ارز و سرمایه­گذاری مستقیم خارجی بر صادرات مبتنی بر فناوری برتر را تأیید می‌کند. در واقع، ارتقا در هر یک از ابعاد حکمرانی (از طریق مشارکت مردم و ثبات سیاسی، اثربخشی دولت و سیاست‌گذاری مبتنی بر شناخت، حمایت از حقوق مالکیت مادی و فکری، تنظیم گری مقررات، آزادی بیان و کنترل فساد) بر صادرات با فناوری برتر از نظر آماری اثر مثبت و معناداری دارد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Governance and Exports Based on Superior Technology: A Case Study of G15 Countries

نویسندگان [English]

  • Abolfazl Shahabadi 1
  • Hanieh Samari 2
1 Professor of Economics, Faculty of Economics and Social Science, Bu-Ali Sina University, Hamedan, Iran
2 Ph. D. student of Economics, Faculty of Social Science, Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran
چکیده [English]

Nowadays, knowledge is more and more applied in using domestic products, pushing the boundaries of technology, and increasing its penetration in the export development strategies. This has attracted economic theories to the factors that affect exports based on top technologies. One may refer to governance as the most important factor in this regard. The aim of the present study is to investigate the effect of governance on the high-technology-based exportation in G15 developing countries based on during the period 1991-2014. Using a panel data method, this econometric study points to a significant positive correlation between governance and other standard variables such as GDP per capita, exchange rate and FDI on one hand and the exports based on superior technology on the other hand. In fact, improvement in each aspect of governance (e.g. public participation, political stability, government effectiveness, knowledge-based policies, material and intellectual property rights, rules and regulations, freedom of speech, and control of corruption) has a statistically significant positive effect on exports of high technology.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Governance
  • Technology-oriented exports
  • Panel data
  • G15
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