عارضه یابی صادرات بخش کشاورزی ایران

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری توسعه کشاورزی، گروه ترویج و آموزش، پردیس کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی، دانشگاه رازی

2 دانشیار گروه ترویج و آموزش، پردیس کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی، دانشگاه رازی

چکیده

هدف پژوهش حاضر عارضه­یابی صادرات بخش کشاورزی ایران از طریق مطالعه تطبیقی با کشورهای پیشرودر صادرات محصولات کشاورزی می­باشد. از نظر روش­شناسی این پژوهش مبتنی بر مطالعه­ی تطبیقی انجام گرفته است. بدین صورت که ابتدا به کاوش و شناسایی چالش­ها و مشکلات صادرات محصولات کشاورزی کشور پرداخته شد، سپس با بهره­گیری از تجارب کشورهای موفق در توسعه­ی صادرات و مقایسه تطبیقی، عوامل تبیین کننده فاصله­ی عملکردی کشور در صادرات بخش کشاورزی تحلیل گردید. اطلاعات مورد نیاز از اسناد و مدارک موجود، مبانی نظری و مطالعات پیشین به دست آمده است. پس از جمع­آوری اطلاعات، با استفاده از روش تحلیل محتوای اسناد و مدارک، محورهای مورد تحلیل بر اساس شباهت­ها و تفاوت­های راهبردها و برنامه­های توسعه­ی صادرات بخش کشاورزی در کشورهای مذکور در قالب مولفه­های (ساختار تشکیلاتی، حمایت­ها و مشوق­های صادراتی، تقویت رقابت­پذیری محصولات و تسهیل تجارت و توسعه سرمایه­گذاری)، استخراج گردید. در نهایت پس از عارضه­یابی صادرات بخش کشاورزی کشور و مطالعه­ی تبطیقی با کشورهای مختلف، راهبردهای عملی و کاربردی به منظور توسعه­ی صادرات بخش کشاورزی کشور ارائه گردید.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Pathology of Exports in the Iranian Agricultural Sector

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mohana Shahmoradi 1
  • Hossein Agahi 2
  • Amirhossein Alibeygi 2
1 Ph.D. Student of Agricultural Development, Agricultural College, Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran
2 Associate Professor, Agricultural College. Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran
چکیده [English]

The aim of this study was to diagnose the setbacks in the agricultural exports of Iran in comparison with the leading countries in the field of agricultural exports. Thus, first, the setbacks in the exportation of agricultural products were explored and identified. Then, using the experiences of successful countries in export development and through a comparative study, the factors explaining the functional gaps in this regard in the country were analyzed. The required data were obtained from the existing documents, theoretical foundations and previous studies. After the data collection, the content analysis of the documents was conducted. The issues analyzed were based on the similarities and differences of the strategies and the development of agricultural exports in the studied countries in the form of components such as organizational structure, support and export incentives, strengthening of product competitiveness, trade facilitation, and investment development. Finally, after the pathological identifications of exports in the Iranian agricultural sector and the comparative study with different countries, certain practical strategies were presented for the development of farming exports.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Diagnosis
  • Export
  • Agriculture
  • Comparative study
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